Swiss yellow card: Motion 08.3402
UNSCR 255, 984 & NPT incompatible with threats against non-nuclear weapon states

Dear colleague,
    Iran's uranium enrichment activities have been placed at the center of an international dispute with potentially grave regional and global security implications (www.solami.com/iran.htm | .../iranx.htm).
    Iran, a signatory to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (.../NPT.htm), claims these activities to be fully in line with its rights and obligations under the NPT; it has declared them to be for peaceful purposes, and it has invoked sovereign rights to carry them further. Yet, and even though the IAEA is not seen to have produced any evidence to the contrary, Israel has expressed concern over these activities, officially declaring their continuation to constitute an existential threat to the State of Israel.
    Coupled with related official declarations by the Iranian President on the one hand, and the Israeli Prime Minister and a member of his cabinet on the other (.../NPT.htm#threat | .../iranx.htm#threatens), the questions thus arise:
1.    Which, if any, of the activities and/or official declarations at issue constitute now, or at what point in the future, a threat or aggression in the sense of UNSCR 255 (1968)? (for an authoritative comment on the legal effects & limits of this special UN Security Council Resolution, see: .../NPT.htm#Bindschedler).
2.    As a lawmaker in your country not willing to let the rule of law be undermined and the instruments of security - such as the NPT and S/Res/255 - to be stacked, turned upside-down, or pushed aside: are you prepared to seek to stem the tide by consulting with colleagues at home and abroad on the most effective measures to be taken by the parties concerned and their allies. This in order to facilitate a prompt diplomatic solution of the nuclear crisis thus building up in the Middle East, e.g. by way of a follow-up meeting to the 1968 Geneva Conference of Non-Nuclear Weapon States (until the conclusion of which Iran could be expected to volontarily suspend its uranium enrichment activities), and/or other initiatives suggested by Swiss lawmakers (Motion 06.3103: "Good Offices on Current Nuclear Energy Matters", Motion 08.3402 "Clarification regarding the Treaty Nuclear on the Nonproliferation of Nuclear Weapons"), or the Sesame program, sponsored by the Jordanian King, regarding confidence-building Iranian-Israeli contacts/cooperations in nuclear science (www.sesame.org.jo/Contact/mail.aspx)?
    Thanking you in advance for your benevolant consideration of this matter, I shall be glad to assist you in all related matters, and look foreward to your feedback. Sincerely yours,

Anton Keller, Director, International Committee for European Security and Co-operation
+4122-7400362    +4179-6047707   swissbit@solami.com
15.6.08 (url: www.solami.com/255.htm)

version française
UN Security Council Resolution 255 (1968)
S/RES/255 (1968)    (Adopted by the Security Council on 19 June 1968)

Question Relating to Measures to Safeguard Non-Nuclear-Weapon States Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons

The Security Council,
    Noting with appreciation the desire of a large number of States to subscribe to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, and thereby to undertake not to receive the transfer from any transferor whatsoever of nuclear weapons or other nuclear explosive devices or of control over such weapons or explosive devices directly or indirectly, not to manufacture or otherwise acquire nuclear weapons or other nuclear explosive devices, and not to seek or receive any assistance in the manufacture of nuclear weapons or other nuclear explosive devices,
    Taking into consideration the concern of certain of these States that, in conjunction with their adherence to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, appropriate measures be undertaken to safeguard their security,
    Bearing in mind that any aggression accompanied by the use of nuclear weapons would endanger the peace and security of all States,
1. Recognizes that aggression with nuclear weapons or the threat of such aggression against a non-nuclear-weapon State would create a situation in which the Security Council, and above all its nuclear-weapon State permanent members, would have to act immediately in accordance with their obligations under the United Nations Charter;
2. Welcomes the intention expressed by certain States that they will provide or support immediate assistance, in accordance with the Charter, to any non-nuclear-weapon State Party to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons that is a victim of an act or an object of a threat of aggression in which nuclear weapons are used;
3. Reaffirms in particular the inherent right, recognized under Article 51 of the Charter, of individual and collective self-defense if an armed attack occurs against a Member of the United Nations, until the Security Council has taken measures necessary to maintain international peace and security.
(adopted at the 1433rd session by 10 to 0 votes, with 5 abstentions (Algeria, Brasil, France, India and Pakistan)




Security Council
Distr.GENERAL
S/RES/984 (1995) 11 April 1995

RESOLUTION 984 (1995)
Adopted by the Security Council at its 3514th meeting, on 11 April 1995

The Security Council,
    Convinced that every effort must be made to avoid and avert the danger of nuclear war, to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons, to facilitate international cooperation in the peaceful uses of nuclear energy with particular emphasis on the needs of developing countries, and reaffirming the crucial importance of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons to these efforts,
    Recognizing the legitimate interest of non-nuclear-weapon States Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons to receive security assurances,
    Welcoming the fact that more than 170 States have become Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons and stressing the desirability of universal adherence to it,
    Reaffirming the need for all States Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons to comply fully with all their obligations,
    Taking into consideration the legitimate concern of non-nuclear-weapon States that, in conjunction with their adherence to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, further appropriate measures be undertaken to safeguard their security,
    Considering that the present resolution constitutes a step in this direction,
    Considering further that, in accordance with the relevant provisions of the Charter of the United Nations, any aggression with the use of nuclear weapons would endanger international peace and security,

    1. Takes note with appreciation of the statements made by each of the nuclear-weapon States (S/1995/261, S/1995/262, S/1995/263, S/1995/264, S/1995/265), in which they give security assurances against the use of nuclear weapons to non-nuclear-weapon States that are Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons;
    2. Recognizes the legitimate interest of non-nuclear-weapon States Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons to receive assurances that the Security Council, and above all its nuclear-weapon State permanent members, will act immediately in accordance with the relevant provisions of the Charter of the United Nations, in the event that such States are the victim of an act of, or object of a threat of, aggression in which nuclear weapons are used;
    3. Recognizes further that, in case of aggression with nuclear weapons or the threat of such aggression against a non-nuclear-weapon State Party to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, any State may bring the matter immediately to the attention of the Security Council to enable the Council to take urgent action to provide assistance, in accordance with the Charter, to the State victim of an act of, or object of a threat of, such aggression; and recognizes also that the nuclear-weapon State permanent members of the Security Council will bring the matter immediately to the attention of the Council and seek Council action to provide, in accordance with the Charter, the necessary assistance to the State victim;
    4. Notes the means available to it for assisting such a non-nuclearweapon State Party to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, including an investigation into the situation and appropriate measures to settle the dispute and restore international peace and security;
    5. Invites Member States, individually or collectively, if any non-nuclear-weapon State Party to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons is a victim of an act of aggression with nuclear weapons, to take appropriate measures in response to a request from the victim for technical, medical, scientific or humanitarian assistance, and affirms its readiness to consider what measures are needed in this regard in the event of such an act of aggression;
    6. Expresses its intention to recommend appropriate procedures, in response to any request from a non-nuclear-weapon State Party to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons that is the victim of such an act of aggression, regarding compensation under international law from the aggressor for loss, damage or injury sustained as a result of the aggression;     7. Welcomes the intention expressed by certain States that they will provide or support immediate assistance, in accordance with the Charter, to any non-nuclear-weapon State Party to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons that is a victim of an act of, or an object of a threat of, aggression in which nuclear weapons are used;
    8. Urges all States, as provided for in Article VI of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, to pursue negotiations in good faith on effective measures relating to nuclear disarmament and on a treaty on general and complete disarmament under strict and effective international control which remains a universal goal;
    9. Reaffirms the inherent right, recognized under Article 51 of the Charter, of individual and collective self-defence if an armed attack occurs against a member of the United Nations, until the Security Council has taken measures necessary to maintain international peace and security;
    10. Underlines that the issues raised in this resolution remain of continuing concern to the Council.


authorized English version ¦ texte français ¦ testo italiano
06.3103 - Motion.
Gute Dienste zu aktuellen Kernenergiefragen

Eingereicht von      Freysinger Oskar
Einreichungsdatum    23.03.2006    Eingereicht im Nationalrat
Stand der Beratung Im Plenum noch nicht behandelt

Eingereichter Text
    Der Bundesrat wird aufgefordrt, Bericht und Antrag zu erstatten zu den Entwicklungen seit dem Beitritt der Schweiz zum Atomsperrvertrag im Jahre 1977, insbesondere zur sicherheitspolitischen und zur verfassungsrechtlichen Situation, wie sie tatsächlich eingetreten ist mit und seit der 1995 erfolgten unbegrenzten Verlängerung dieses der kollektiven Sicherheit gewidmeten Vertrags (www.solami.com/NPT.htm).
    Als Organisation für kollektive Sicherheit bindet der Atomsperrvertrag - und die damit liierten internationalen Sicherheits-, Überwachungs- und Exportkontroll-Gremien (London Club) - die Schweiz gemäss Völkerrecht und Referendums-Bestimmungen der Bundesverfassung (Art. 140).
    Der Bundesrat wird gleichermassen eingeladen, zusammen mit den betroffenen Parteien die Voraussetzungen abzuklären zur Einberufung einer Nachfolge-Veranstaltung zu der 1968 in Genf abgehaltenen Konferenz der Nicht-Nuklearwaffen-Staaten. Deren Ziel ist die wirksame, verlässliche und andauernde Förderung der regionalen und globalen Stabilitäts- und Sicherheits-Anliegen, welche mit den derzeitigen Nichtweiterverbreitungs-Mitteln und -Methoden offensichtlich mangelhaft verfolgt werden. Letztere sollen durch geeignete Instrumente ergänzt oder ersetzt werden, und es sollen jene Massnahmen und Anordnungen getroffen werden, welche unter den gegebenen Umständen als angemessen und wirksam erscheinen. Als Richtschnur dienen dem Bundesrat dabei in erster Linie die einschlägigen Prinzipien und Souveränitätsrechte, die altbewährte immerwährende bewaffnete Neutralität der Schweiz, und deren traditionelle Guten Dienste.

Begründung
Meister Eckhart zog den päpstlichen Bannstrahl auf seine Schriften, weil er "mehr wissen wollte als zu wissen erlaubt war" (.../eckhart.htm). Heute, 373 Jahre nach der Verurteilung Galileo Galileis, scheint das Licht der Aufklärung wieder zu verblassen. Bedeutende Erkenntnisse, Prinzipien und Errungenschaften werden in Abrede gestellt oder missachtet. Dazu gehören Rechte und Pflichten, welche souveränen Staaten zustehen, und die sie sich gegenseitig per Staatsvertrag zugesprochen haben, insbesondere auf dem Gebiet der Erforschung, Entwicklung und friedlichen Nutzung der Kernenergie (.../NPT.htm).
    Das damit wachsende Ungleichgewicht zwischen Rechten und Pflichten gibt zu Besorgnis Anlass. Um einschlägige Spannungen zu entschärfen und Konflikten vorzubeugen ist auf geeignete Tatsachen, Ideen und Möglichkeiten hinzuweisen. Eine umstrittene Anlage mag z.B. unter die Souveränität eines befreundeten Staates gestellt werden. Ähnlich der 1955er Übereinkunft Schweiz-USA bezüglich des Reaktors für die Atoms for Peace-Konferenz von Genf (.../Saphir.tif). Anlagen mögen auch stillgelegt werden, z.B. bis zum Abschluss einer Nachfolge-Veranstaltung für die 1968er Konferenz der Nicht-Nuklearwaffen-Staaten.
    In jedem Fall dürfte die Nonproliferations-Debatte begünstigt werden durch die Einlösung des bundesrätlichen Versprechens, wonach in einem Referendum über die weitere Mitgliedschaft der Schweiz zu entscheiden ist, wenn der NPT dereinst auf unbestimmte Dauer verlängert werden sollte. Tatsächlich handelt es sich dabei um eine "Organisation für kollektive Sicherheit" gemäss Bundesverfassung (.../nptref.htm#Organisationen). Unser Verständnis von Rechtsstaat und Demokratie gebietet diese Überprüfung unabhängig vom Zeitgeist und den derzeitigen Visionen und Begehrlichkeiten gewisser fremder Einflüsterer.

Mitunterzeichner Baumann J. Alexander - Bigger Elmar - Bortoluzzi Toni - Brunner Toni - Darbellay Christophe - Fattebert Jean - Fehr Hans - Füglistaller Lieni - Giezendanner Ulrich - Hutter Jasmin - Joder Rudolf - Keller Robert - Mathys Hans Ulrich - Müri Felix - Perrin Yvan - Rey Jean-Noël - Rime Jean-François - Schwander Pirmin - Stamm Luzi - Veillon Pierre-François - Walter Hansjörg - Widmer Hans - Wobmann Walter (23)


Deutscher Originaltext ¦ Testo italiano ¦ authorized English version
06.3103 - Motion.
Energie nucléaire. Offre de bons offices

Déposé par    Freysinger Oskar
Date de dépôt    23.03.2006     Déposé au Conseil national     Etat actuel Non encore traité au conseil

Texte déposé
    Le Conseil fédéral est chargé de soumettre aux Chambres un rapport et une proposition sur les événements qui se déroulés depuis que la Suisse a ratifié le Traité de non-prolifération des armes nucléaires en 1977, en particulier sur la situation vue sous l'angle de la politique de sécurité et du droit constitutionnel, telle qu'elle existe effectivement depuis que ce traité chargé d'assurer la sécurité collective a été reconduit en 1995 pour une durée indéterminée (www.solami.com/NPT.htm).
    Parce qu'il constitue une adhésion à une organisation de sécurité collective, le traité en question et ses organes internationaux de sécurité, de surveillance et de contrôle des exportations (Club de Londres) lient la Suisse en vertu du droit international public et des dispositions référendaires correspondantes de la Constitution fédérale (art. 140).
    Le Conseil fédéral est également chargé d'explorer, avec les parties concernées, à quelles conditions pourrait être convoquée une conférence qui serait la deuxième version de la Conférence des Etats non dotés d'armes nucléaires qui s'était tenue à Genève en 1968. Cette deuxième version aura pour but d'assurer durablement la sécurité et la stabilité, tant globales que régionales, ce que ne permettent plus apparemment les moyens et les méthodes actuels de non-prolifération des armes nucléaires, lesquels doivent par conséquent être complétés voire remplacés par d'autres, qui sembleraient être plus efficaces parce que mieux adaptés au monde d'aujourd'hui. A cette fin, le Conseil fédéral se laissera guider par-dessus tout par les principes et les droits souverains pertinents, par la neutralité armée et perpétuelle de la Suisse et par sa politique traditionnelle des bons offices.

Développement
    Déjà au Moyen-Age, Maître Eckart avait attiré les foudres papales sur ses écrits parce qu'il voulait en savoir plus qu'il n'avait le droit d'en savoir (.../eckhart.htm). Aujourd'hui, soit 373 ans après le procès de Galilée, l'éclat du siècle des Lumières semble être terni. Acquis importants et grands principes sont contestés ou foulés aux pieds. Connaissent un tel traitement les droits et les devoirs d'Etats souverains qui se les sont accordés mutuellement par traités, en particulier dans les secteurs de la recherche, du développement et de l'utilisation pacifique de l'énergie nucléaire (.../NPT.htm).
    Le fossé qui se creuse entre les droits et les devoirs est inquiétant. Montrer certains faits, lancer des idées ou signaler des possibilités peut désamorcer des tensions et prévenir des conflits. La Suisse a par exemple placé une installation nucléaire contestée sous la souveraineté d'un Etat ami (les Etats-Unis d'Amérique) peu après la Conférence internationale "Atoms for Peace" qui s'était tenue à Genève en 1955 (.../Saphir.tif). Nous aimerions que d'autres installations du même type soient désaffectées, par exemple d'ici à la date de la clôture de la conférence qui pourrait prendre le relais de la Conférence des Etats non dotés d'armes nucléaires qui s'était tenue à Genève en 1968.
    Quoi qu'il en soit, la promesse, faite naguère par le Conseil fédéral, d'organiser une consultation populaire pour savoir si la Suisse souhaitait maintenir ou non sa qualité de partie au traité de non-prolifération au moment où il allait être reconduit indéfiniment pourrait avoir favorisé le débat sur la non-prolifération des armes nucléaires. Il s'agissait bien alors d'un acte d'adhésion à une organisation de sécurité collective, telle qu'elle est aujourd'hui visée par la Constitution fédérale (.../nptref.htm#Organisationen). La conception que nous avons de la démocratie et de l'Etat de droit impose cet examen indépendamment de l'air du temps et des visions et des désirs du moment de certains mauvais génies.

Cosignataires Baumann J. Alexander - Bigger Elmar - Bortoluzzi Toni - Brunner Toni - Darbellay Christophe - Fattebert Jean - Fehr Hans - Füglistaller Lieni - Giezendanner Ulrich - Hutter Jasmin - Joder Rudolf - Keller Robert - Mathys Hans Ulrich - Müri Felix - Perrin Yvan - Rey Jean-Noël - Rime Jean-François - Schwander Pirmin - Stamm Luzi - Veillon Pierre-François - Walter Hansjörg - Widmer Hans - Wobmann Walter (23)


Deutscher Originaltext ¦ Texte français ¦ authorized English version
06.3103 - Mozione.
Buoni uffici in materia di energia nucleare

Depositato da    Freysinger Oskar
Data del deposito 23.03.2006 Depositato presso Consiglio nazionale    Stato attuale Non ancora trattato

Testo depositato
    Il Consiglio federale è incaricato di presentare un rapporto e una proposta sugli sviluppi intervenuti dall'adesione della Svizzera, nel 1977, al Trattato di non proliferazione nucleare (TNP), in particolare per quanto riguarda la situazione della politica in materia di sicurezza e del diritto costituzionale quale si è verificata ed è venuta sviluppandosi dalla proroga illimitata, avvenuta nel 1995, del medesimo, che è un trattato finalizzato alla sicurezza collettiva (www.solami.com/NPT.htm).
    Quale organizzazione di sicurezza collettiva, il TNP - e gli organismi internazionali preposti alla sicurezza, alla sorveglianza e al controllo delle esportazioni (Club di Londra) a esso connessi - vincola la Svizzera in virtù del diritto internazionale e delle disposizioni costituzionali in materia di referendum (art. 140).
    Il Consiglio federale è inoltre invitato, unitamente ai partiti interessati, ad appurare se esistono i presupposti per convocare una manifestazione successiva alla conferenza, tenutasi a Ginevra nel 1968, degli Stati non-nucleari. Lo scopo è di rispondere costantemente, in modo affidabile ed efficace, alle esigenze regionali e globali di stabilità e sicurezza che, con i mezzi e i metodi di non proliferazione attualmente disponibili, sono palesemente per lo più disattese. Questi ultimi dovrebbero essere completati o sostituiti da strumenti appropriati, motivo per cui occorre prendere o ordinare provvedimenti che, a seconda delle circostanze, risultino adeguati ed efficaci. A tal fine, il Consiglio federale può avvalersi in primo luogo dei pertinenti principi e diritti di sovranità, dell'ormai collaudata neutralità armata della Svizzera e dei suoi tradizionali buoni uffici.

Motivazione
    Il maestro Eckhart aveva attirato l'anatema del papa sui suoi scritti, perché voleva sapere più di quanto gli fosse dato di sapere (.../eckhart.htm). Oggi, a 373 anni dalla condanna di Galileo Galilei, sembra nuovamente affievolirsi la luce dell'Illuminismo: importanti scoperte, principi e conquiste vengono contestati o non sono presi in considerazione. Fra questi si annoverano i diritti e i doveri che gli Stati sovrani si sono reciprocamente attribuiti mediante la conclusione di trattati, in particolare nel settore delle indagini, dello sviluppo e dell'uso pacifico dell'energia nucleare (.../NPT.htm).
    Il crescente squilibrio tra diritti e doveri è motivo di preoccupazione. Per allentare le tensioni e prevenire i conflitti occorre attirare l'attenzione su realtà, idee e possibilità. Un impianto controverso può, per esempio, essere posto sotto la sovranità di uno Stato amico, analogamente a quanto avvenne nel 1955 con la sottoscrizione dell'accordo tra la Svizzera e gli USA in merito al reattore per la conferenza Atoms for Peace svoltasi a Ginevra (.../Saphir.tif). Gli impianti possono anche essere disattivati, per esempio fino alla conclusione di una manifestazione successiva alla conferenza degli Stati non nucleari svoltasi nel 1968.
    In ogni caso, il dibattito relativo alla non proliferazione dovrebbe essere favorito facendo propria la promessa del Consiglio federale, secondo cui deve essere deciso mediante referendum se la Svizzera debba continuare o no ad aderire al TNP nel caso in cui tale Trattato dovesse essere prorogato a tempo indeterminato. Nel caso specifico, si tratta effettivamente di un'"organizzazione di sicurezza collettiva" ai sensi della Costituzione federale (.../nptref.htm#Organisationen). La nostra concezione di Stato di diritto e di democrazia impone questo riesame a prescindere dallo spirito del tempo e dalle attuali chimere e velleità suggerite da talune voci straniere.

Cofirmatari Baumann J. Alexander - Bigger Elmar - Bortoluzzi Toni - Brunner Toni - Darbellay Christophe - Fattebert Jean - Fehr Hans - Füglistaller Lieni - Giezendanner Ulrich - Hutter Jasmin - Joder Rudolf - Keller Robert - Mathys Hans Ulrich - Müri Felix - Perrin Yvan - Rey Jean-Noël - Rime Jean-François - Schwander Pirmin - Stamm Luzi - Veillon Pierre-François - Walter Hansjörg - Widmer Hans - Wobmann Walter (23)


authorized English version ¦ Deutscher Originaltext ¦ Texte français ¦ testo italiano
06.3103 - Motion.
Good Offices on Current Nuclear Energy Matters

Submitted by          Freysinger Oskar
Date of submission     23.03.2006
Submitted in               National Council
Status of submission   Not yet treated in full Council

Submitted text
    The Swiss Federal Council is called upon to submit to Parliament a report and recommendations on essential developments related to security and constitutional matters since 1977, the year in which Switzerland acceeded to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT). Of particular concern are events since 1995, when this collective security instrument was prolongated indefinitely (www.solami.com/NPT.htm).
    As an organisation for collective security, the NPT and its related agreements on international security, safeguards and export-control (London Club), are binding upon Switzerland in accordance with international law and the referendum clause of the Swiss Constitution (art.140).
    The Federal Council is equally invited  to explore the conditions among the parties concerned for convening a follow-up to the 1968 Non-Nuclear-Weapon States Conference, which was held in Geneva. The purpose of such a follow-up meeting would be an effective, reliable and lasting promotion of regional and global stability and security. Current non-proliferation means and methods having shown their limitations, complementary or alternative instruments are thus called for, as are measures and directives which appear appropriate and effective in the circumstances. To this end, the Federal Council should be guided above all by the related principles and sovereignty rights, by Switzerland’s time-tested permanent armed neutrality, and by its traditional Good Offices.

Development
   Meister Eckhart drew papal condemnation on his writings because he “wanted to know more than what was permitted to know" ("plura sapere voluit quam oportuit ", Pope John XXII, Bull In Agro dominico, 27 March 1329: .../eckhart.htm). At that time it was considered to be politically correct, and it was to be enforced strictly urbi et orbi, i.e. in Rome’s entire sphere of influence: “In the field of the Lord over which we, though unworthy, are guardians and laborers by heavenly dispensation, we ought to exercise spiritual care so watchfully and prudently that if an enemy should ever sow tares over the seeds of truth (Mt. 13:28), they may be choked at the start before they grow up as weeds of an evil growth. Thus, with the destruction of the evil seed and the uprooting of the thorns of error, the good crop of Catholic truth may take firm root."
    Today, 373 years after the condemnation of Galileo by the Inquisition, it is as if the Age of Enlightenment had passed its apogee and given way to the twilight and forces of darkness, with disciples of the flat earth theory gaining the upper hand. Essential discoveries, principles and achievements are called into question or slighted. This includes deeply-rooted international rights and obligations which are the hallmark of sovereign states. And it pertains to fundamental rights and corresponding trade-offs which honourable members of the family of nations have mutually and conventionally agreed to, notably in the field of peaceful nuclear energy research, development and application (.../NPT.htm).
    Concern thus arises from the growing imbalance between related  rights and obligations. It is indicated actively to reduce corresponding tensions and to prevent related conflicts. And it is in line with Switzerland's tradition to avail itself accordingly, and to point out useful facts, ideas and opportunities. Reference may thus be made to the model of volontarily and conventionally submitting a politically sensitive national facility to sovereign control by a friendly foreign country. This model draws inspiration from the U.S./Swiss agreement providing for the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission to exercise exclusive control over the operation of the Saphir demonstration reactor exhibited during the Atoms for Peace Conference held at Geneva in 1955 (.../Saphir.tif). Another example of imaginative diplomacy may be brought to bear by way of an unprejudicial partial or complete suspension of contested nuclear activities until after a promptly-held follow-up to the 1968 Geneva Conference of Non-Nuclear-Weapon States.
    In either case, the current dialogue on some nuclear installations may benefit substantially from the debate associated with the referendum which the Federal Council had promised on the question of whether or not Switzerland should remain a member of the NPT, if and when this treaty will be prolongated indefinitely. Moreover, the NPT clearly constitutes an “organisation for collective security” in the sense of the Swiss Constitution (.../nptref.htm#Organisationen). Notwithstanding voices which may express doubts as to whether such a referendum is timely and corresponds to the visions and agendas of concerned politicians here and there, it is thus seen to befit a self-respecting and future-oriented sovereign country like Switzerland to adhere strictly to both the Rule of Law and its time-tested democratic principles and institutions.

Co-signatories  Baumann J. Alexander - Bigger Elmar - Bortoluzzi Toni - Brunner Toni - Darbellay Christophe - Fattebert Jean - Fehr Hans - Füglistaller Lieni - Giezendanner Ulrich - Hutter Jasmin - Joder Rudolf - Keller Robert - Mathys Hans Ulrich - Müri Felix - Perrin Yvan - Rey Jean-Noël - Rime Jean-François - Schwander Pirmin - Stamm Luzi- Veillon Pierre-François - Walter Hansjörg - Widmer Hans - Wobmann Walter (23)



 
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Motion 08.3402 (13.Juni 2008)

Klarstellung zum Vertrag über die Nichtverbreitung von Atomwaffen

Der Bundesrat wird beauftragt, gegenüber den Nuklearwaffenstaaten und den Konfliktparteien im Nahen Osten unverzüglich, unmissverständlich und mit Nachdruck in Erinnerung zu rufen, unter welchen Bedingungen die Schweiz dem Vertrag über die Nichtweiterverbreitung der Atomwaffen NPT beigetreten ist, und sich allenfalls genötigt sehen könnte sich daraus zurückzuziehen (www.solami.com/NPT.htm). Es gilt an die Rechte und Pflichten zu erinnern, welche den Vertragspartnern weiterhin obliegen, wobei besonders auf die Sicherheitsrats-Resolution 255 vom 19.Juni 1968 hinzuweisen ist (.../255.htm), welche gemäss bundesrätlicher NPT-Botschaft ans Parlament vom 30.Oktober 1974 "eine Garantieerklärung gegen atomare Drohungen oder Angriffe der Kernwaffenmächte gegen Nichtkernwaffenstaaten enthält. Dieser Entschliessung waren entsprechende Garantieerklärungen der USA, der UdSSR und Grossbritanniens vorausgegangen (17. Juni 1968)."(.../12083.pdf, BBl 1974 II 1038). Und es gilt an das Interesse der Weltgemeinschaft an auch in Zukunft verlässlich verfügbaren Guten Diensten der Schweiz zu erinnern, welche von der Schweizer Diplomatie und Wirtschaft eine strikt neutrale Haltung und auch in wirtschaftlichen Belangen die unabdingbare Aufrechterhaltung des courant normal erfordern (z.B. zur wirksamen Vertretung der amerikanischen Interessen in Iran seit der Besetzung der US Botschaft in Teheran, zur allfälligen Organisation einer Nachfolgekonferenz der 1968er Genfer Konferenz der Nicht-Nuklearwaffen-Staaten, sowie zur Verwirklichung vertrauensfördernder Massnahmen auch und besonders auf dem Nuklearsektor: .../iran.htm#sesame).

eingereicht von:  Freysinger Oskar   - Mitunterzeichner: Baettig Dominique, Baumann J. Alexander, Bignasca Attilio, Dunant Jean Henri, Estermann Yvette, Kaufmann Hans, Nidegger Yves, Reimann Lukas, Reymond André, Stamm Luzi

[url: www.solami.com/swissmotion.htm]



(authorized translation; original) | Turkish
    NATIONALRAT
    CONSEIL NATIONAL
    CONSIGLIO NAZIONALE

Motion 08.3402 (13.Juni 2008)

Clarification regarding the Treaty on the Nonproliferation of Nuclear Weapons

The Government is requested to remind nuclear weapon states and the parties to the Near Eastern conflict without delay, unmistakably and persistently of both the conditions under which Switzerland acceded to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons NPT, and under which, in the event, it may find itself compelled to withdraw from the NPT (www.solami.com/NPT.htm). It is urgent to point out the rights and obligations which remain binding on NPT member states, stressing the importance of Security Council Resolution 255 of 19 June 1968 (.../255.htm) which, according to the Government's NPT Message to Parliament of 30 October 1974, "contains a guarantee declaration, in favor of non-nuclear weapon states, against nuclear threats or aggressions by nuclear weapon states. This Resolution was preceded by corresponding guarantee declarations by the United States of America, USSR and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (17 June 1968)." (.../12083.pdf, BBl 1974 II 1038). And it is indicated to take note of the world community's interest for Switzerland's Good Offices to remain reliable and available, which requires Switzerland's diplomacy and economy to remain strictly neutral and, in commercial matters, too, to maintain the indispensable courant normal (e.g. for the effective representation of US interests in Iran ever since the takeover of the US embassy in Teheran, for the eventual organization of a follow-up to the 1968 Geneva Conference of Non-Nuclear Weapon States, and for the realization of confidence-building measures also and particularly in nuclear matters: .../iran.htm#sesame).
tabled by:  Freysinger Oskar   - co-signatories: Baettig Dominique, Baumann J. Alexander, Bignasca Attilio, Dunant Jean Henri, Estermann Yvette, Kaufmann Hans, Nidegger Yves, Reimann Lukas, Reymond André, Stamm Luzi

[url: www.solami.com/swissmotion.htm]