27/28 March 2006
Swiss lawmakers point out practical pathways for resolving U.S.-Iran nuclear stalemate

NPT-conform peaceful nuclear activities in Iran
operated under, e.g., Russian sovereignty,
modelled after a Swiss-American Treaty

Good Offices Group of European Lawmakers
t+f: +4122-7400362  mob: +4179-6047707
url: ¦ .../3103memo.htm

    24 Swiss lawmakers from the governing coalition have called on the Swiss government to explore convening "a follow-up to the 1968 Non-Nuclear-Weapon States Conference". They point at the constitutional requirement for a referendum on Switzerland's continued membership in the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT). And on the background of Switzerland's long-standing representation of U.S. interests in Iran, they draw inspiration from the 1955 Swiss-American Treaty on Peaceful Nuclear Cooperation for a diplomatic resolution of the current U.S.-Iranian nuclear stalemate (

    First outlined in a letter to the UN (.../iranmail.htm), Iranian nuclear installations declared to be for peaceful purposes, including enrichment facilities situated in Iran, might be placed and operated under Russian sovereignty in full compliance with the NPT (and the Iran/IAEA Safeguards Agreement INFCIRC/214) in analogous application of the U.S./Swiss Agreement for co-operation concerning civil uses of atomic energy, of 18 July 1955 (UN Treaty Series 1956, no.3388: .../NPT.htm#3388 ¦ .../Saphir.tif ¦ .../iranmail2.htm).

    Of course, this appears to go against the grain of the politically correct public discussions (.../nptlandler.htm). But respected long-time students of the genesis and operation of the NPT may easily recognise this pathway not to be far off to what, realistically, they consider to be achievable and indicated under the circumstances. The International Crisis Group's “delayed limited enrichment” plan is a case in point. Similar ideas have been offered by the Council on Foreign Relations (CFR), the Center for Nonproliferation Studies (CNS), the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace (CEIP), the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) and by others.