Valid, yet moribund U.S. Treaties with EU States
Bilateral Treaties and Other Agreements in force as of January 1, 2003
sources: www.lexis-nexis.com & UN Library, Geneva (Irina Gerassimova, et al.)
courtesy by: Good Offices Group of European Lawmakers
comments, suggestions, etc. solicited to: swissbit@solami.com ¦ url: www.solami.com/EUUS.htm

"old Europe":   AUSTRIA, BELGIUM, DENMARK, FINLAND, FRANCE, GERMANY, GREECE, IRELAND, ITALY, LUXEMBOURG, NETHERLANDS, PORTUGAL, SPAIN, SWEDEN, UNITED KINGDOM
"new Europe":   CZECH REPUBLIC, CYPRUS, ESTONIA, HUNGARY, LATVIA, LITHUANIA, MALTA, POLAND, SLOVAK REPUBLIC, SLOVENIA

    None of the below-detailed some 130 commerce, cooperation and other treaties with the United States, which the above 10 new EU members have either inherited or concluded, will remain valid for them - if nobody stands up and Europe's new masters thus get what they labored for.  Of course, blue-eyed observers and true believers can still point to article 234 of the EU's fundamental 1957 Treaty of Rome  (identical with article 307 of its consolidated version, called the EU's basic treaty).  Indeed, in line with the 1969 Vienna Treaty Convention's articles 26 (pacta sunt servanda) and 30, the EU treaty explicitly provides for previously concluded treaties to take precedence over any EU norm, regulation or ukase!  However - and tellingly - even on this crucial subject, the proposed European Constitution is all but clear; in fact, it seems to upset this legal hierarchy in favor of any new EU rule and regulation - albeit behind a smoke-screen of confusing bureaucratese!
    Moreover, senior EU members appear to be more equal than new-comers.  For, e.g., while the United Kingdom, upon joining the European Community, has been able to formally and fully maintain some 44 of its global network of treaties with its traditional trading partners, sovereign but tiny Malta now finds itself short shrifted.  For while it succeeded to get the United States, in 1952, to formally recognize Malta's successor status to treaties the U.S. had concluded with the UK, Malta's diplomats found themselves unable to get to recognize as valid for Malta what the EU bureaucracy could not effectively challenge and thus formally recognized as fully valid for the United Kingdom, namely the time-tested commerce treaty of 1815 (sic!) between the United Kingdom and the United States.
    In fact, and on paper at least, most of the 15 senior EU members have been able to keep their special relations with the U.S. and other third countries.  For the Council of the European Union has routinely prorogated some 590 treaties which they had concluded with their traditional non-EU partners (for those with the U.S., see below A).  In contrast, the Baltic States, which also have successor status vis-à-vis the Russian Federation, apparently have not found it either opportune or possible to develop privileged commercial relations with non-EU members (e.g. with Switzerland by way of the still valid commerce and establishment treaty between Switzerland and Russia of 1872).  That may require a re-thinking of the European structures, e.g. along the lines proposed already in 1991 by Presidents Havel and Mitterrand in the form of a European Confederation.
    To be sure, the appearance of equal treatment is not totally missing: while all the 10 EU newcomers, for all practical purposes, lost their treaty rights vis-à-vis the United States (C) and other important traditional trading partners, some of them were given a promise of protection regarding recent and far less comprehensive treaty rights with such countries as: Afghanistan, Albanien, Belarus, Cambodia, Iraq, Lybia, Macedonia, Mongolia, North Korea and Syria (B). What France got in return for the apparent loss of its treaty link with the U.S. is not clear.  For more details see also: www.solami.com/commercetreaties.htm, and check for yourself the European Union's Council decision of 15 Nov 2001, as compared to the EU Commission's related proposal of 22 Oct 2004 which the Council is expected to sign on the dotted line.


A    Commerce Treaties with the U.S. formally recognized by the Council of the European Union
(2001/855/EC, Official Journal of the European Communities, L 320, 15 Nov 2001; FR; DE)

AUSTRIA
Friendship, Commerce and Navigation Treaty, 19.6.1928

BELGIUM
Friendship, Commerce and Navigation Treaty, 21.2.1961

DENMARK
Friendship, Commerce and Navigation Treaty, 1.10.1951

FINLAND
Friendship, Commerce and Navigation Treaty, 13.2.1934

FRANCE
Commerce and Navigation Treaty, 17.7.1919 Council decision of 12.2.1990 (90/61/EEC, OJ L 042); not prorogated in 2001

GERMANY
Friendship, Commerce and Navigation Treaty, 29.10.1954

GREECE
Friendship, Commerce and Navigation Treaty, 3.8.1951

IRELAND
Friendship, Commerce and Navigation Treaty, 21.10.1950

ITALY
Friendship, Commerce and Navigation Treaty, 2.2.1948
Supplementary Treaty, 26.9.1951

LUXEMBOURG
Friendship, Commerce and Navigation Treaty, 23.2.1962

NETHERLANDS
Friendship, Commerce and Navigation Treaty, 27.3.1956

PORTUGAL
-

SPAIN
-

SWEDEN
-

UNITED KINGDOM
Convention of Commerce, 3.7.1815;  20.10.1818;  6.8.1827
 

B    Commerce Treaties recommended by the Commission of the European Union to be formally recognized by the Council of the European Union, between the U.S. and some of the 10 new member countries of the European Union
(COM(2004) 697 final; http://europa.eu.int/eur-lex/lex/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=COM:2004:0697:FIN:EN:DOC)
 
Ceská republika
Afghanistan    24.10.1987
               29.04.1988
               22.06.1982
Iraq           18.12.1973
North Korea    01.11.1990

Eesti
Belarus        31.07.2001

Kibris
Iraq            2.10.1981

Lietuva
Belarus        13.12.1994

Magyarország
Cambodia       12.03.1992
Albania        12.12.1990

Polska
Iraq           01.01.1959
               20.05.1989
Libya          11.02.1974
Mongolia       17.05.1991
North Korea    12.05.1992
Syria          20.08.1974

Slovenija
Rep. Macedonia 23.03.2001

 


 

C    Treaties with the U.S. not yet recognized by the Council of the European Union but which were in force at the time of membership negotiations between the United States and the 10 new member countries of the European Union
 

CZECH REPUBLIC

Agreement amending and extending the agreement of June 25, July 3 and 22, 1986, as amended and extended (U.S.-Czechoslovakia), concerning trade in textiles and textile products.
Exchange of notes at Prague August 11, 1993 and April 11, 1994; entered into force April 11, 1994.
NP

Convention for the avoidance of double taxation and the prevention of fiscal evasion with respect to taxes on income and capital.
Signed at Prague September 16, 1993; entered into force December 23, 1993.
TIAS

Memorandum of understanding on science and engineering cooperation, with annexes.
Signed at Prague July 13, 1994; entered into force July 13, 1994.
TIAS 12556.

Agreement for cooperation in the Global Learning and Observations to Benefit the Environment (GLOBE) Program, with appendices.
Signed at Prague April 20, 1995; entered into force April 20, 1995.
TIAS 12632.

Agreement for scientific and technological cooperation, with annexes.
Signed at Prague June 11, 1998; entered into force September 30, 1998.
TIAS

Memorandum of understanding concerning scientific and technical cooperation in the earth sciences.
Signed at Reston and Prague April 10 and June 15, 2000; entered into force June 15, 2000.
TIAS

Arrangement for the exchange of technical information and cooperation in nuclear safety matters, with addenda.
Signed at Vienna September 20, 2000; entered into force September 20, 2000.
TIAS
 
 

CYPRUS

Declaration by the United States and the United Kingdom relating to reciprocal protection to trade-marks.
Signed at London October 24, 1877; entered into force October 24, 1877.
20 Stat. 703; TS 138; 12 Bevans 198.

Convention between the United States and the United Kingdom relating to the tenure and disposition of real and personal property.
Signed at Washington March 2, 1899; applicable to Cyprus February 9, 1901.
31 Stat. 1939; TS 146; 12 Bevans 246.

Economic cooperation agreement between the United States and the United Kingdom.
Signed at London July 6, 1948; applicable to Cyprus July 6, 1948.
62 Stat. 2596; TIAS 1795; 12 Bevans 874; 22 UNTS 263.
Amendments:
January 3, 1950 (1 UST 184; TIAS 2036; 86 UNTS 304).
May 25, 1951 (2 UST 1292; TIAS 2277; 99 UNTS 308).
February 25, 1953 (4 UST 1528; TIAS 2815; 172 UNTS 332).

Memorandum of understanding regarding the grant, delivery and free distribution of 12,000 metric tons of wheat and 10,000 metric tons of barley.
Signed at Nicosia December 8, 1960; entered into force December 8, 1960.
11 UST 2687; TIAS 4666; 405 UNTS 145.

Memorandum of understanding regarding the grant, sale and use of proceeds from the sale of 28,000 metric tons of wheat.
Signed at Nicosia December 8, 1960; entered into force December 8, 1960.
11 UST 2693; TIAS 4667; 405 UNTS 158.

General agreement for technical cooperation.
Signed at Nicosia June 29, 1961; entered into force June 29, 1961.
12 UST 890; TIAS 4792; 411 UNTS 55.

Memorandum of understanding regarding the grant, sale and use of proceeds from the sale of 40,000 metric tons of wheat.
Signed at Nicosia January 15, 1962; entered into force January 15, 1962.
13 UST 113; TIAS 4945; 435 UNTS 15.

Memorandum of understanding regarding the grant to Cyprus of agricultural commodities for an expanded school lunch program.
Signed at Nicosia March 2, 1962; entered into force March 2, 1962.
13 UST 291; TIAS 4975; 445 UNTS 189.

Agreement relating to investment guaranties.
Exchange of notes at Nicosia May 29, 1963; entered into force May 29, 1963.
14 UST 843; TIAS 5364; 487 UNTS 283.

Agricultural commodities agreement with exchange of notes.
Signed at Nicosia June 18, 1963; entered into force June 18, 1963.
14 UST 936; TIAS 5382; 479 UNTS 191.

Convention for the avoidance of double taxation and the prevention of fiscal evasion with respect to taxes on income, with related notes.
Signed at Nicosia March 19, 1984; entered into force December 31, 1985.
35 UST 4737; TIAS 10965; 2019 UNTS 79.

Agreement regarding mutual assistance between customs services.
Signed at Washington June 2, 1987; entered into force August 21, 1987.
TIAS 12113.

Agreement concerning reciprocal exemption from income tax of income derived from the international operation of ships and aircraft.
Exchange of notes at Nicosia June 21 and July 8, 1988; entered into force July 8, 1988.
TIAS 11595.

Agreement for cooperation in the Global Learning and Observations to Benefit the Environment (GLOBE) Program, with appendices.
Signed at Nicosia November 24, 1998; entered into force November 24, 1998.
TIAS
 
 

ESTONIA

Agreement according mutual unconditional most-favored-nation treatment in customs matters.
Exchange of notes at Washington March 2, 1925; entered into force August 1, 1925.
TS 722; 7 Bevans 608; 43 LNTS 289.

Debt funding agreement.
Signed at Washington October 28, 1925; operative December 15, 1922.
Treasury Department print; 7 Bevans 613.

Agreement modifying the debt funding agreement of October 28, 1925.
Signed at Washington June 11, 1932; operative July 1, 1931.
Treasury Department print; 7 Bevans 642.

Treaty of friendship, commerce, and consular rights, and protocol.
Signed at Washington December 23, 1925; entered into force May 22, 1926.
44 Stat. 2379; TS 736; 7 Bevans 620; 50 LNTS 13.

Investment incentive agreement.
Signed at Indianapolis October 28, 1991; entered into force October 28, 1991.
TIAS 12099; 1939 UNTS 101.

International express mail agreement, with detailed regulations.
Signed at Tallinn and Washington December 31, 1991 and February 10, 1992; entered into force March 7, 1992.
TIAS 11852.

Agreement concerning fisheries off the coasts of the United States, with annex.
Signed at Washington June 1, 1992; entered into force December 22, 1992.
TIAS

Postal money order agreement.
Signed at Tallinn and Washington March 9 and 22, 1993; entered into force June 1, 1993.
TIAS 11920.

Treaty for the encouragement and reciprocal protection of investment, with annex.
Signed at Washington April 19, 1994; entered into force February 16, 1997.
TIAS   ; 1987 UNTS 131.

Convention for the avoidance of double taxation and the prevention of fiscal evasion with respect to taxes on income.
Signed at Washington January 25, 1998; entered into force December 30, 1999.
TIAS
 
 

HUNGARY

Treaty establishing friendly relations.
Signed at Budapest August 29, 1921; entered into force December 17, 1921.
42 Stat. 1951; TS 660; 8 Bevans 982; 48 LNTS 191.

Debt funding agreement.
Signed at Washington April 25, 1924; operative December 15, 1923.
Treasury Department print; 8 Bevans 1108.

Agreement modifying the debt funding agreement of April 25, 1924.
Signed at Washington May 27, 1932; operative July 1, 1931.
Treasury Department print; 8 Bevans 1140.

Agreement relating to the establishment in New York of a branch office of the commercial section of the Hungarian Embassy.
Exchange of notes at Washington September 19, 1969; entered into force September 19, 1969.
20 UST 2982; TIAS 6772; 726 UNTS 177.

Agreement providing for consultations should exports of cotton, wool, and man-made fiber textiles and apparel products from Hungary cause market disruption in the United States.
Exchange of notes at Budapest February 12 and 18, 1976; entered into force February 18, 1976.
27 UST 1619; TIAS 8270.

Understanding concerning research cooperation in the field of transportation.
Signed at Budapest October 11, 1978; entered into force October 11, 1978.
30 UST 743; TIAS 9216.

Agreement on trade relations.
Signed at Budapest March 17, 1978; entered into force July 7, 1978.
29 UST 2711; TIAS 8967.

Convention for the avoidance of double taxation and the prevention of fiscal evasion with respect to taxes on income, with exchange of notes.
Signed at Washington February 12, 1979; entered into force September 18, 1979.
30 UST 6357; TIAS 9560; 1180 UNTS 205.

Agreement within the context of the multilateral trade negotiations on nontariff matters, and related letters of May 30, 1980.
Letters done at Geneva August 31 and December 27, 1978 and January 10, 1979; entered into force January 1, 1980.
32 UST 5357; TIAS 9991.

Agreement within the context of the multilateral trade negotiations on tariff matters, with annexes and exchange of letters.
Signed at Budapest November 18, 1978; entered into force January 1, 1980.
32 UST 5371; TIAS 9992; 1265 UNTS 86.
Amendments:
June 13, 1979 and May 30, 1980 (32 UST 5371; TIAS 9992; 1265 UNTS 115).
September 4 and 18, 1980 (32 UST 5371; TIAS 9992; 1265 UNTS 117).

Arrangement relating to a visa system for exports to the United States of wool textiles and textile products.
Exchange of letters at Washington February 2 and 3, 1984; entered into force February 3, 1984.
35 UST 4357; TIAS 10937; 2015 UNTS 53.
Amendment:
October 27 and 31, 1988 (NP).

Investment guaranty agreement.
Signed at Budapest October 9, 1989; entered into force December 27, 1989.
TIAS 12040.

Swap agreement among the United States Treasury and the National Bank of Hungary/Government of Hungary, with memorandum of understanding.
Signed at Washington and Budapest June 19, 1990; entered into force June 19, 1990.
TIAS

Agreement for cooperation concerning peaceful uses of nuclear energy, with annex and agreed minute.
Signed at Vienna June 10, 1991; entered into force February 13, 1992.
TIAS 12433.

Agreement concerning economic, technical and related assistance, with related letter.
Signed at Budapest December 22, 1995; entered into force December 22, 1995.
TIAS    ; 2044 UNTS 31.

Agreement relating to participation in the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission program of severe accident research, with addendum.
Signed at Rockville and Budapest January 27 and February 2, 1999; entered into force February 2, 1999; effective January 1, 1998.
TIAS

Agreement for cooperation in the Global Learning and Observations to Benefit the Environment (GLOBE) Program, with appendices.
Signed at Washington March 10, 1999; entered into force March 10, 1999.
TIAS

Agreement for scientific and technological cooperation, with annexes.
Signed at Washington March 15, 2000; entered into force May 11, 2000.
TIAS

Memorandum of understanding concerning scientific and technical cooperation in the earth sciences.
Signed at Budapest and Reston November 22, 2000; entered into force November 22, 2000.
TIAS

Agreed minutes on a comprehensive trade package, with annex and related letters.
Signed at Budapest January 30, 2002; entered into force March 26, 2002.
TIAS
 
 

LATVIA

Agreement relating to the funding of the indebtedness of Latvia to the United States.
Signed at Washington September 24, 1925; operative December 15, 1922.
Treasury Department print; 9 Bevans 521.

Agreement modifying the debt funding agreement of September 24, 1925.
Signed at Washington June 11, 1932; operative July 1, 1931.
Treasury Department print; 9 Bevans 551.

Provisional commercial agreement according mutual unconditional most-favored-nation treatment in customs matters.
Signed at Riga February 1, 1926; entered into force April 30, 1926.
TS 740; 9 Bevans 528; 55 LNTS 33.

Treaty of friendship, commerce, and consular rights.
Signed at Riga April 20, 1928; entered into force July 25, 1928.
45 Stat. 2641; TS 765; 9 Bevans 531; 80 LNTS 35.

Investment incentive agreement.
Signed at Indianapolis October 28, 1991; entered into force October 28, 1991.
TIAS 12440.

Agreement on trade relations and intellectual property rights protection.
Signed at Riga July 6, 1994; entered into force January 20, 1995.
TIAS

Treaty concerning the encouragement and reciprocal protection of investment, with annex and protocol.
Signed at Washington January 13, 1995; entered into force December 26, 1996.
TIAS

Agreement concerning economic, technical and related assistance.
Signed at Riga December 20, 1995; entered into force February 7, 1996.
TIAS    ; 2060 UNTS 103.

Convention for the avoidance of double taxation and the prevention of fiscal evasion with respect to taxes on income.
Signed at Washington January 15, 1998; entered into force December 30, 1999.
TIAS

Agreement regarding mutual assistance between their customs administrations.
Signed at Washington April 17, 1998; entered into force July 23, 1999.
TIAS

Agreement for cooperation in the Global Learning and Observations to Benefit the Environment (GLOBE) Program, with appendices.
Signed at Riga January 27, 1999; entered into force January 27, 1999.
TIAS
 
 

LITHUANIA

Agreement for the funding of the debt of Lithuania to the United States.
Signed at Washington September 22, 1924; operative June 15, 1924.
Treasury Department print; 9 Bevans 661.
Amendment:
June 9, 1932 (Treasury Department print; 9 Bevans 681).

Agreement according mutual unconditional most-favored-nation treatment in customs matters.
Exchange of notes at Washington December 23, 1925; entered into force July 10, 1926.
TS 742; 9 Bevans 668; 54 LNTS 377

Agreement relating to the registration of trademarks.
Exchange of notes at Riga September 14, 1929 and at Kaunas October 11, 1929; entered into force October 11, 1929.
9 Bevans 675.

Arrangement regarding reciprocal privileges for consular officers to import articles free of duty for their personal use.
Exchanges of notes at Washington July 28, September 17 and 19, and October 4, 1934; entered into force October 4, 1934; operative October 15, 1934.
9 Bevans 685.

Investment incentive agreement.
Signed at Indianapolis October 28, 1991; entered into force February 7, 1992.
TIAS 12640; 1775 UNTS 291.

Treaty for the encouragement and reciprocal protection of investment, with annex and protocol.
Signed at Washington January 14, 1998; entered into force November 22, 2001.
TIAS

Convention for the avoidance of double taxation and the prevention of fiscal evasion with respect to taxes on income.
Signed at Washington January 15, 1998; entered into force December 30, 1999.
TIAS

Arrangement for the exchange of technical information and cooperation in nuclear safety matters, with addendum.
Signed at Vienna September 22, 2000; entered into force September 22, 2000.
TIAS

Agreement for cooperation in the Global Learning and Observations to Benefit the Environment (GLOBE) Program, with appendices.
Signed at Vilnius October 3, 2002; entered into force October 3, 2002.
TIAS
 
 

MALTA

Convention to regulate the commerce between the United States and the United Kingdom.<1>
Signed at London July 3, 1815; entered into force July 3, 1815.
8 Stat. 228; TS 110; 12 Bevans 49.

Convention continuing in force indefinitely the convention of July 3, 1815 between the United States and the United Kingdom.
Signed at London August 6, 1827; entered into force April 2, 1828.
8 Stat. 361; TS 117; 12 Bevans 76.
NOTE:
<1> Article IV superseded from September 7, 1952 by consular convention of June 6, 1951 (3 UST 3426; TIAS 2494).

Declaration by the United States and the United Kingdom affording reciprocal protection to trade-marks.
Signed at London October 24, 1877; entered into force October 24, 1877.
20 Stat. 703; TS 138; 12 Bevans 198.

Convention between the United States and the United Kingdom relating to the tenure and disposition of real and personal property.
Signed at Washington March 2, 1899; applicable to Malta May 29, 1947.
31 Stat. 1939; TS 146; 12 Bevans 246.

Supplementary convention between the United States and the United Kingdom relating to the tenure and disposition of real and personal property.
Signed at Washington May 27, 1936; applicable to Malta May 29, 1947.
55 Stat. 1101; TS 964; 5 Bevans 140; 203 LNTS 367.

Economic cooperation agreement between the United States and the United Kingdom.
Signed at London July 6, 1948; applicable to Malta July 6, 1948.
62 Stat. 2596; TIAS 1795; 12 Bevans 874; 22 UNTS 263.
Amendments:
January 3, 1950 (1 UST 184; TIAS 2036; 86 UNTS 304).
May 25, 1951 (2 UST 1292; TIAS 2277; 99 UNTS 308).
February 25, 1953 (4 UST 1528; TIAS 2815; 172 UNTS 332).
Agency for International Development:
June 15, 1973 (24 UST 1914; TIAS 7699).

Agreement relating to investment guaranties.
Signed at Washington November 16, 1966; entered into force January 26, 1967.
18 UST 106; TIAS 6205; 688 UNTS 45.

Agreement providing for consultations on problems of market disruption caused by cotton textile or cotton textile product exports from Malta.
Exchange of notes at Floriana and Valletta September 17 and 22, 1975; entered into force September 22, 1975.
26 UST 2747; TIAS 8192; 1045 UNTS 107.

Agreement on reciprocal exemption from taxes on earnings derived from the operation of ships and aircraft.
Exchange of notes at Washington December 26, 1996 and March 11, 1997; entered into force March 11, 1997.
TIAS

Agreement regarding mutual assistance between Customs Administrations.
Signed at Valletta March 6, 2001; entered into force March 6, 2001.
TIAS
 
 

POLAND

Agreement relating to the funding of the indebtedness of Poland to the United States.
Signed at Washington November 14, 1924; operative December 15, 1922.
Treasury Department print; 11 Bevans 195; 58 LNTS 97.

Agreement relating to the mutual recognition of ship measurement certificates.
Exchanges of notes at Washington January 17, March 14, and April 22, 1930, and October 5, 1934; operative April 22, 1930.
49 Stat. 3663; EAS 71; 11 Bevans 229; 156 LNTS 91.

Arrangement for the direct exchange of certain information regarding the traffic in narcotic drugs.
Exchange of notes at Warsaw August 17 and September 17, 1931; entered into force September 17, 1931.
11 Bevans 257.

Agreement modifying the debt funding agreement of November 14, 1924.
Signed at Washington June 10, 1932; operative July 1, 1931.
Treasury Department print; 11 Bevans 260.

Preliminary agreement regarding principles applying to mutual aid in the prosecution of the war against aggression.
Signed at Washington July 1, 1942; entered into force July 1, 1942.
56 Stat. 1542; EAS 257; 11 Bevans 274; 103 UNTS 267.

Agreement relating to reciprocal customs privileges for foreign service personnel.
Exchange of notes at Warsaw October 5 and 30, 1945; entered into force October 30, 1945.
61 Stat. 2297; TIAS 1544; 11 Bevans 283; 15 UNTS 225.

Credit arrangement for the purchase of American surplus property abroad.
Signed at Washington April 22, 1946; entered into force April 22, 1946.
12 UST 368; TIAS 4725; 406 UNTS 214.
Extensions and amendments:
September 17, 1947 (12 UST 368; TIAS 4725; 406 UNTS 219).
December 10, 1947 (12 UST 368; TIAS 4725; 406 UNTS 221).

Agreement relating to economic and financial cooperation.
Exchange of notes at Washington April 24, 1946; entered into force April 24, 1946.
60 Stat. 1609; TIAS 1516; 11 Bevans 286; 4 UNTS 155.

Memorandum of understanding concerning research cooperation in the field of transportation.
Signed at Warsaw November 3, 1971; entered into force November 3, 1971.
29 UST 5642; TIAS 9139; 1152 UNTS 19.
Extension and amendments:
October 16, 1978 (29 UST 5649; TIAS 9139; 1152 UNTS 22).
February 28 and June 22, 1979 (30 UST 7287; TIAS 9586; 1182 UNTS 401).

Joint statement on the development of agricultural trade.
Signed at Washington October 8, 1974; entered into force October 8, 1974.
25 UST 2763; TIAS 7944.

Agreement relating to tariff and nontariff matters within the framework of the multilateral trade negotiations, and related letters of June 27 and October 20, 1980.
Exchange of letters at Geneva February 28, 1979; entered into force January 1, 1980.
32 UST 5498; TIAS 10001; 1265 UNTS 187.

Agreement concerning trade in textiles and textile products, with annexes.
Exchange of notes at Washington December 30 and 31, 1991; entered into force December 31, 1991; effective January 1, 1992.
NP
Amendment and extension:
December 6 and 31, 1993 (NP).

Agreement relating to the payment of arrearages on the surplus property agreement of April 22, 1946.
Exchange of notes at Warsaw March 20, 1961; entered into force March 20, 1961.
12 UST 368; TIAS 4725; 406 UNTS 222

Agreement on the settlement for lend-lease and certain claims.
Signed at Washington June 28, 1956; entered into force June 28, 1956.
7 UST 1930; TIAS 3594; 273 UNTS 79.

Agricultural commodities agreement with exchange of notes.
Signed at Washington June 7, 1957; entered into force June 7, 1957.
8 UST 799; TIAS 3839; 291 UNTS 41.
Amendments:
August 14, 1957 (8 UST 1289; TIAS 3878; 291 UNTS 52).
January 8, 1958 (9 UST 1; TIAS 3973; 307 UNTS 330).
May 26 and 29, 1959 (10 UST 1049; TIAS 4243; 346 UNTS 350).
July 21, 1960 (11 UST 1871; TIAS 4532; 380 UNTS 464).
April 10 and 11, 1967 (19 UST 7788; TIAS 6610; 723 UNTS 296).

Agricultural commodities agreement and exchange of notes.
Signed at Washington February 15, 1958; entered into force February 15, 1958.
9 UST 199; TIAS 3991; 307 UNTS 217.
Amendments:
June 6, 1958 (9 UST 707; TIAS 4046; 317 UNTS 376).
May 26 and 29, 1959 (10 UST 1049; TIAS 4243; 346 UNTS 350).
July 21, 1960 (11 UST 1871; TIAS 4532; 380 UNTS 469).
April 10 and 11, 1967 (19 UST 7788; TIAS 6610; 723 UNTS 296).

Agricultural commodities agreement with exchange of notes.
Signed at Washington June 10, 1959; entered into force June 10, 1959.
10 UST 1058; TIAS 4245; 347 UNTS 41.
Amendments:
November 10, 1959 (10 UST 1410; TIAS 4288; 357 UNTS 396).
February 11, 1960 (11 UST 99; TIAS 4415; 371 UNTS 364).
July 21, 1960 (11 UST 1871; TIAS 4532; 380 UNTS 474).
April 10 and 11, 1967 (19 UST 7788; TIAS 6610; 723 UNTS 296).

Agricultural commodities agreement with exchanges of notes.
Signed at Washington July 21, 1960; entered into force July 21, 1960.
11 UST 1887; TIAS 4535; 380 UNTS 157.
Amendment:
April 10 and 11, 1967 (19 UST 7788; TIAS 6610; 723 UNTS 296).

Agricultural commodities agreement with exchanges of notes.
Signed at Washington December 15, 1961; entered into force December 15, 1961.
12 UST 3065; TIAS 4907; 434 UNTS 3.
Amendments:
April 19, 1962 (13 UST 401; TIAS 4998; 445 UNTS 383).
April 10 and 11, 1967 (19 UST 7788; TIAS 6610; 723 UNTS 296).

Agricultural commodities agreement with exchanges of notes.
Signed at Washington February 1, 1963; entered into force February 1, 1963.
14 UST 803; TIAS 5359; 487 UNTS 143.
Amendment:
April 10 and 11, 1967 (19 UST 7788; TIAS 6610; 723 UNTS 296).

Agricultural commodities agreement with exchanges of notes.
Signed at Washington February 3, 1964; entered into force February 3, 1964.
15 UST 40; TIAS 5516; 505 UNTS 215.
Amendment:
April 10 and 11, 1967 (19 UST 7788; TIAS 6610; 723 UNTS 296).

Agricultural commodities agreement with exchanges of notes.
Signed at Washington February 3, 1964; entered into force February 3, 1964.
15 UST 59; TIAS 5517; 505 UNTS 245.
Related agreements:
April 10, 1967 (19 UST 7788; TIAS 6610; 724 UNTS 324).
April 10 and 11, 1967 (19 UST 7788; TIAS 6610; 723 UNTS 296).

Agricultural commodities agreement, with agreed minute.
Signed at Warsaw August 28, 1981; entered into force August 28, 1981.
34 UST 1134; TIAS 10400.

Agricultural commodities agreement.
Signed at Warsaw November 30, 1989; entered into force November 30, 1989.
NP
Amendment:
March 16 and 28, 1990 (NP).

Agreement establishing a procedure for funding international travel and transportation and other travel-related expenses from U.S.-owned zlotys in Poland.
Exchange of notes at Washington October 7, 1972; entered into force October 7, 1972; effective January 1, 1973.
24 UST 426; TIAS 7557.

Agreement deferring purchase by the United States, scheduled for January 2, 1973, of dollar exchange for zlotys accrued under certain agricultural commodities agreements.
Exchange of notes at Washington December 29, 1972; entered into force December 29, 1972.
24 UST 424; TIAS 7557.

Agreement deferring purchase by the United States of dollar exchange for zlotys accrued under certain agricultural commodities agreements.
Exchange of notes at Washington February 5, 1973; entered into force February 5, 1973.
24 UST 431; TIAS 7557.

Agreement deferring purchase by the United States of dollar exchange for zlotys accrued under certain agricultural commodities agreements and terminating the agreement of August 6, 1968 (TIAS 7473) relating to United States Government pensions, with schedule.
Exchange of notes at Washington May 15, 1975; entered into force May 15, 1975.
26 UST 2398; TIAS 8164; 1027 UNTS 323.

Agreement regarding the consolidation and rescheduling of certain debts owed to, guaranteed by or assured by the United States Government and its agencies, with annexes.
Signed at Warsaw August 27, 1981; entered into force October 20, 1981.
33 UST 3727; TIAS 10255; 1541 UNTS 85.

Agreement regarding the consolidation and rescheduling of certain debts owed to, guaranteed by or insured by the United States Government and its agencies.
Signed at Warsaw July 29, 1986; entered into force September 8, 1986.
NP

Agreement regarding the consolidation and rescheduling of certain debts for 1985, owed to, guaranteed by, or insured by the United States Government and its agencies, with annexes.
Signed at Warsaw July 10, 1989; entered into force September 6, 1989.
NP

Agreement regarding the consolidation and rescheduling of certain debts for 1987, owed to, guaranteed by, or insured by the United States Government and its agencies, with annexes.
Signed at Warsaw July 10, 1989; entered into force September 6, 1989.
NP

Convention for the avoidance of double taxation and the prevention of fiscal evasion with respect to taxes on income, with related notes.
Signed at Washington October 8, 1974; entered into force July 22, 1976.
28 UST 891; TIAS 8486.

Investment guaranty agreement.
Signed at Warsaw October 13, 1989; entered into force February 21, 1990.
TIAS 12039.

Swap agreement among the United States Treasury and the Narodowy Bank Polski/Government of Poland, with memorandum of understanding.
Signed at Washington and Poland December 22, 1989; entered into force December 22, 1989.
TIAS

Agreement between the United States and the Narodowy Bank Polski/Government of Poland concerning the contribution by the United States to the Polish Stabilization Fund, with memorandum of understanding.
Signed at Washington December 29, 1989; entered into force December 29, 1989.
TIAS
Amendment and extension:
December 6 and 18, 1991.

Agreement regarding the consolidation and rescheduling of certain debts owed to, guaranteed by, or insured by the United States Government and its agencies, with annexes.
Signed at Warsaw August 24, 1990; entered into force October 22, 1990.
NP

Agreement regarding the reduction and reorganization of certain debts owed to, guaranteed by, or insured by the Government of the United States and its agencies, with annexes.
Signed at Warsaw July 17, 1991; entered into force September 3, 1991.
NP

Agreement between the United States and the Government of Poland/Narodowy Bank Polski concerning the Polish Bank Privatization Fund Account, with memorandum of understanding.
Signed at Washington December 28, 1992; entered into force December 28, 1992.
TIAS

Agreement for collaboration to demonstrate an emerging retrofit of clean coal technology at a powerplant in Cracow, Poland, with annexes.
Signed at Washington March 15, 1990; entered into force March 15, 1990.
TIAS

Treaty concerning business and economic relations, with annex, protocol and related exchanges of letters.
Signed at Washington March 21, 1990; entered into force August 6, 1994.
TIAS

Agreement regarding cooperation and mutual assistance between customs services.
Signed at Warsaw August 8, 1990; entered into force May 15, 1991.
TIAS 12077.

Agreement for cooperation concerning peaceful uses of nuclear energy, with annex and agreed minute.
Signed at Vienna September 18, 1991; entered into force September 3, 1992.
TIAS 12435.

Memorandum of understanding on science and engineering cooperation, with annex.
Signed at Washington October 26, 1994; entered into force October 26, 1994.
TIAS 12576.

Memorandum of understanding concerning cooperation in the field of environmental protection.
Signed at Washington May 15, 1995; entered into force May 15, 1995.
TIAS 12646.

Agreement for cooperation in the Global Learning and Observations to Benefit the Environment (GLOBE) Program, with appendices.
Signed at Warsaw April 22, 1997; entered into force April 22, 1997.
TIAS
 
 

SLOVAK REPUBLIC

Agreement relating to trade in textiles and textile products, with attachment.
Exchange of notes at Bratislava August 6 and October 6, 1993; entered into force October 6, 1993; effective June 1, 1993.
NP
Amendment:
April 6 and 29, 1994 (NP).

Convention for the avoidance of double taxation and the prevention of fiscal evasion with respect to taxes on income and capital.
Signed at Bratislava October 8, 1993; entered into force December 30, 1993.
TIAS

Memorandum of understanding on science and engineering cooperation, with annexes.
Signed at Bratislava July 14, 1994; entered into force July 14, 1994.
TIAS 12557.

Agreement on scientific and technological cooperation, with annexes.
Signed at Washington September 12, 2000; entered into force October 24, 2000.
TIAS

Renewal arrangement for the exchange of technical information and cooperation in nuclear safety matters, with addenda.
Signed at Vienna September 21, 2000; entered into force September 21, 2000.
TIAS
 
 

SLOVENIA

Investment incentive agreement.
Signed at Washington April 26, 1994; entered into force September 8, 1994.
TIAS 12178.

Convention for the avoidance of double taxation and the prevention of fiscal evasion with respect to taxes on income and capital.
Signed at Ljubljana June 21, 1999; entered into force June 22, 2001.
TIAS

Agreement for scientific and technological cooperation, with annexes.
Signed at Ljubljana June 21, 1999; entered into force December 17, 1999.